Seminář se koná v úterý ve 13:10 v posluchárně ÚTF MFF UK
v 10. patře katedrové budovy v Tróji, V Holešovičkách 2, Praha 8
Black holes contain, deep in their interior, theoretical evidence of the failure of general relativity. A series of fundamental results, starting from the 1965 Penrose singularity theorem, proved that physically realistic initial conditions will inevitably produce a singular black hole spacetime. It is generally expected that a full theory of quantum gravity should remove the singularities that appear in general relativity. However, the lack of proper understanding of the dynamical laws dictating the evolution of spacetime and matter in these extreme situations hinders the extraction of predictions in specific models. I will discuss, in a model-independent manner, the different possibilities that singularity regularization may open, focus on fundamental open issues that need to be addressed to obtain viable nonsingular black hole candidates, and finally discuss observational signatures.
If relativistic gravitation has a quantum description, it must be meaningful to consider a spacetime metric in a genuine quantum superposition. But how might such a superposition be described, and how could observers detect it? I will present a new operational framework for studying "superpositions of spacetimes" via model particle detectors. After presenting the general approach, I show how it can be applied to describe a spacetime generated that is a superposition of two expanding spacetimes. I will then move on to show how black holes in two spatial dimensions can be placed in a superposition of masses and how such detectors would respond. The response exhibits signatures of quantum-gravitational effects reminiscent of Bekenstein’s seminal conjecture concerning the quantized mass spectrum of black holes in quantum gravity. I will provide further remarks concerning the meaning of the spacetime metric, and on distinguishing spacetime superpositions that are genuinely quantum-gravitational, notably with reference to recent proposals to test gravitationally-induced entanglement.
Jiří Bičák Oldřich Semerák