Publikace ÚTF

Stellar Winds Pump the Heart of the Milky Way

Calderón, Diego; Cuadra, Jorge; Schartmann, Marc; Burkert, Andreas; Russell, Christopher M. P.

The central supermassive black hole of the Milky Way, Sgr A*, accretes at a very low rate making it a very underluminous galactic nucleus. Despite the tens of Wolf-Rayet stars present within the inner parsec supplying ~10-3 M ? yr-1 in stellar winds, only a negligible fraction of this material (<10-4) ends up being accreted onto Sgr A*. The recent discovery of cold gas (~104 K) in its vicinity raised questions about how such material could settle in the hostile (~107 K) environment near Sgr A*. In this work we show that the system of mass-losing stars blowing winds can naturally account for both the hot, inefficient accretion flow, as well as the formation of a cold disk-like structure. We run hydrodynamical simulations using the grid-based code RAMSES starting as early in the past as possible to observe the state of the system at the present time. Our results show that the system reaches a quasi-steady state in about ~500 yr with material being captured at a rate of ~10-6 M ? yr-1 at scales of ~10-4 pc, consistent with the observations and previous models. However, on longer timescales (?3000 yr) the material accumulates close to the black hole in the form of a disk. Considering the duration of the Wolf-Rayet phase (~105 yr), we conclude that this scenario has likely already happened, and could be responsible for the more active past of Sgr A*, and/or its current outflow. We argue that the hypothesis of the mass-losing stars being the main regulator of the activity of the black hole deserves further consideration.

journal:The Astrophysical Journal Letters
calder??n_2020_apjl_888_l2.pdf (1641.96 kB)

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