Publikace ÚTF

A New Method for Aerosol Measurement Using Wide-field Photometry

Ebr J.; Karpov S.; Eliášek J.; Blažek J.; Cunniffe R.; Ebrová I.; Janeček P.; Jelínek M.; Juryšek J.; Mandát D.; Mašek M.; Pech M.; Prouza M.; Trávníček P.

We present a new method to measure the vertical aerosol optical depth (VAOD) during clear nights using a wide-field imager—a CCD camera with a photographic lens on an equatorial mount. A series of 30 s exposures taken at different altitudes above the horizon can be used to measure the VAOD with a precision better than 0.008 optical depths within a few minutes. Such a measurement does not produce any light and is thus suitable for use at sites where other astronomical instruments are located. The precision of the VAOD measurement depends on the laboratory calibration of spectral properties of the system and of the response of the camera electronics to varying illumination levels, as well as careful considerations of the details of stellar photometry and modeling of the dependence of the measured stellar flux, the star color, and the position within the field of view. The results obtained with robotic setups at the future sites of the Cerenkov Telescope Array show good internal consistency and agreement with simultaneous measurements from a Sun/Moon photometer located at the same sites.
type:article
journal:The Astronomical Journal
volume:162
pages:6
year:2021
eprint:arxiv:2101.03074

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