Publikace ÚTF

Critical Curves of Triple Gravitational Lenses

Daněk, K.; Heyrovský D.

Gravitational microlensing is a useful tool for finding exoplanets orbiting
distant stars by detecting their gravitational influence on the passage of light from
a more distant star. Knowledge of the lens caustic (formed by positions of point
sources with infinite amplification) is necessary for the analysis and interpretation of
observed light curves. It is well known that the binary lens can form caustics of three
topologies, which correspond to three topologies of the critical curve (primary image
of the caustic). Here we focus on the case of the triple lens. While the binary lens
is characterised by two parameters, three more parameters are needed to describe
the triple lens. We analyse a two-dimensional cut through the five-dimensional
parameter space, identifying the boundaries of regions with different critical-curve
topology. For each region we present corresponding critical curves and caustics. We
also include sample results for a three-dimensional cut of a general triple lens with
equal masses.
wds11_306_f1_danek.pdf (3243.06 kB)

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